Our History

Ogbomoso - The Home of the Brave

T

he traditional head of Ogbomoso is called the Soun. Soun came to the site where the town is today over three hundred and fifty years ago. At that time, the area was a dense forest, however, the area is now an open Savannah . Ogbomoso traditions insists that Soun was a great hunter of Bariba origin who Migrated Southward about 1659. The migration of Soun was consistent with the usual pattern of north-south movements that were common at that time.

A perusal of developments in Ogbomoso would reveal that the emergence of soun was not connected with the Olugbon or Aresa, if in particular, the general history of Yourubaland is taken into consideration. By 1650 when soun founded Ogbomoso, Iresa was in the Ibolo District of the old Oyo Kingdom , while Igbon was somewhere near Idofian and Elehinjare. Towards the end of the eighteenth century , Afonja who was the Area Onakakanfo, and who had been firmly established in Ilorin after his quarrel. With Ojo Agundandara, the son of Barosun Gaha, raided and destroyed many Villages, some of the Villages were Igbon, Iresa, Ganma, Elehinjare, Idofian, Ibare and many others. Consequent upon Afonja’s destruction of Igbon and Iresa, a descendant of Olugbon escaped to Ogbomoso, where he became a subject of the Baale of Ogbomoso while the Aresa and some of those captured along with him were settled in Ilorin .

During the region of Soun Odunaro (died 1860) two men who wanted to settle came to Ogbomosoland. They told Soun Odunaro that they were twins, although one was dark while the other light in complex. Soun Odunaro jocularly referred to the dark Complexioned one as Aresadudu and the other light one as Aresapupa; and he settled them at Ogbomoso. When they told Soun Odunaro that they wanted to farm, they were given farmlands which are known as Iresadu and Iresapa. The chiefs of the two places are known as Aresadu and Aresapa respectivity. It is therefore incorrect to assert that either the Olugbon or the Aresa of the old Oyo Kingdom had any blood relationship with the Soun.

Soun Ogunola was a great hunter who enjoyed hunting expeditions. In one of his hunting expeditions, he pitched his camp under the Ajagbon tree. The site of this tree became the centre of Ogbomoso town where the Ogbomoso Palace stands today. Not far from Soun’s Camp three other hunters had also established their camps. One of them was a Nupe elephant hunter who had his camp in a place known today in Ogbomoso as Oke-Elerin (Elephant Hill). Another was an Otta Prince who left his place because of chieftaincy dispute. His descendants became Baales of Ijeru. There was also another hunter who had his camp at Isapa. It is related that Soun Ogunola observed that these hunters were not far from his camp because of the smoke that came out of their fires. He later went to invite them to his camp. Ogunlola established his supremacy over these hunters because his wife was very good at preparing tobacco snuff and corn-wine which always attracted the tree hunters to his camp. Apart from that, disputes were always settled in Soun Ogunlola’s camp as the settlement became bigger.

Sojalumota

As a restless warrior, Soun Ogunlola heard of the developments of Oyo-Ile during the reign of Alaafin Ajagbo. The Alaafin was faced with attacks from a certain Elemoso, who with his arrows put many inhabitants of Oyo to death. He therefore engaged Elemoso in a battle. Soun Ogunlola shot Elemoso with an arrow. After his victory, he returned to his camp and continue his leadership. Subsequently, his camp was called “The camp of him who took Elemoso’s head” meaning in Yoruba. “ Eyiti Ogbori Elemoso. “This was shortened for Agbelemaso and over time it evolved to Ogbomoso.

This history of Ogbomosoland was very peaceful until the early 19 th century, when the Fulani launched the Jihad (or holy war) against the Yoruba. The people of Ogbomoso had been famous warriors. Together with the Ibadans, they were responsible for halting the Fulani advance southwards and were the most powerful towns during the latter half of the 19 th century in Yoruba land. In the 1820’s Fulani had established themselves in Ilorin , only 48kms north of Ogbomoso and by 1835, they had destroyed Oyo, the capital of the Yoruba Kingdom . The Oyos had fled and finally on a new site. 48kms to the south Ogbomoso, where Oyo Ago Oja still stands. Ogbomoso thus came into the front line of battle. Important and powerful towns such as Ikoyi, Erin, Offa were destroyed by the Fulani army from Ilorin but Ogbomoso resisted. The Alaafin the appointed Toyeje, the Soun of Ogbomoso, as Aare Onakakanfo, that is, Supreme Commander of the Yoruba Army. Ogbomoso was never conquered. It was the most important bulwark against the invaders and thousands of people came from destroyed villages and cities to shelter inside its city walls. (Remnants of the latter can still be seen today).

During the reign of Soul Oluwusi, it is said that 143 different chiefs found refuge in Ogbomoso. It was in this way that Ogbomoso grew to its present impressive size. When peace was finally restored, many people were resettled in their homesteads. But many also remained behind in Ogbomoso. Today, there are compounds in Ogbomoso whose names reflect origin of the people: Ilogbo, Osupa, Apa, Ago Offa, Idewure, Isoko, Ola, Masifa and many others.

You cannot rule out the “RIVALRY” over the issue of Ogbomoso History! For more than 2 decades now, most of other greatest kings in Ogbomosoland claimed to have been having the best histories for the land, but as One of the most responsible Indigenes of Ogbomoso City, let us focus more on what will bring progress & the level of adversity to Ogbomosoland, rather than continue to be waging war words against our foundation/destiny.

THE DRAMA TITLE: OGBORI ELEMOSO

SYNOPSIS OF THE DRAMA TITLE: OGBORI ELEMOSO
[HE WHO CARRIED ELEMOSO HEAD]

Marauders led by thier leader “IDAGIRI” constituted themselves in the habit of incessantly threatening the existence of small Villages that can not offer any assistance. “SOUN” the great hunter fighting like a well prepared soldier with his supernatural power subdued and destroyed the forces of the arch enemy.

In preparation of the historic feat, Asunke, a beatiful youg girl was given to Soun in marriage. Baba Ijesa was not pleased with the decision of the Villagers giving away his betrothed Wife away in marriage.

The Ogun night came up and Soun invited friends including Baba Ijesa and his friend. Oleyo to the Ceremony. Soun’s “OSANYIN” fore-warned him of an impending danger. He does not forget the prophecy even in his sleep.

Fight them ensued and Baba Ijesa failed in the fight. Soun was found guilty.. After the sentence, Olugbon then handed the comdemned to the Badirun, Baba Ijesa’s son and when Soun saved his life from the hand of marauders to the prepare a symbolic sign “AROKO”, the traditional method of writing letters to take to the Monarch, His Excellency, the Alaafin[KING] of Oyo.

Already in Oyo, a terrorist called “ELEMOSO”, was killing at will. Soun who was then awaiting execution asked the King’s permission, that is the Alaafin to go in war with terrorist. After serious and deadly encounter, Soun over-powered Elemoso, killed and beheaded him.

The Alaafin extolled Soun. To Alaafin’s beleif, such a powerful Man is good as a leader. Alaafin then make Soun to rule over the area he came from, hence the saying “OGBORI ELEMOSO”

OUR PEOPLE:

Ogbomoso people are very brave and are being refer to as great warriors. We are very tolerant and hospitable. Our people always welcoming each other and live together in harmony. We are very industrous and always aspiring to break new ground for development in every capacity. We have various indigenes of Ogbomoso that have proved themselves in their various field of endeavours.

OUR WORKS:

Ogbomoso people are great farmers, business tycoons, educationists, e.t.c and are found in all various works of life.

THE MAJOR CROP THAT PLANTED IN OGBOMOSO SOIL:
Yam, Cassava, Maize, Millet, Cowpea, Beans, Okro, Pepper, Tomatoes. e.t.c.

TYPES OF FRUIT PLANTED IN OGBOMOSO SOIL:
Orange Tree, Mango Tree, Pineapple Tree, Banana Tree, Cocoanut tree. e.t.c.

OUR RELIGION:

Ogbomoso people are very religious and believe in God the creator of all things. We are very tolerant with each other in respective of religious belief. Be it christianity, islamic or traditional religion, we live in harmony with each other. Some of prominent religious bodies in Ogbomoso are:

CHURCHES
First Baptist Church,
Ijeru Bapt. Church,
David Anglican Church,
Methodist Cathedral Church,
St’ Ferdinand Catholic Church,
The Apostolic Church.
Christ Apostolic Church
Reformed Cherufhim & Sherafhim Church E.t.c.

MOSQUE
Ogbomoso Central Mosque,
Akbarudeen Central Mosque,
Nurudeen C.M.,
Alajiki C.M. e.t.c.

TRADITIONAL
Egungun Festival[July],
Oro[June],
Agan[June],
Orisa Popo[February],
Odun Oole Baale[February],
Sango Festival[June].

TYPES OF EGUNGUN WE HAVE IN OGBOMOSO CITY
[1]LOBANIKA
[2]OLUKOTUN
[3]AJOMAGBODO
[4]DANAFOJURA
[5]LEMBE
[6]BABA LUGBON
[7]AWODAGBESE
[8]OROKO
[9]EEGUN ODE
[10]OREBE
[11]ARIBIDARA

WHAT WE HAVE:

Ogbomoso as a town is an ideal society with various infrastractural capacities. We have a lot of things to show case our community to the entire world making Ogboomoso a place to visit. We are custurdians of history. We have what it takes to make anyone feel at at home such as:

INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES IN OGBOMOSO

NTA Ogbomoso.
Ladoke Akintola University of Technology[LAUTECH].
Baptist Medical Center. Road Safety Office.
Fire Brigadge Office.
Post Office.
Ajilete FM.
SOUN Stadium.
Town Hall.
Onigbinde Farm. .e.t.c.

POLICE COMMAND OFFICE:

Ogbomoso Police Command Area Office is the Headquarter for 15 Local Governments Police Post in Oyo State, comprises of:
Ogbomoso South L.G.
Ogbomoso North L.G.
Surulere L.G.
Orire L.G.
Ogo-Oluwa L.G.
Atisbo L.G.
Iwajowa L.G.
Kajola L.G.
Saki East L.G. e.t.c.

MUSICIANS IN OGBOMOSO ZONE

Alhaji Ramon Akanni[ Mr Lecturer]. Fuji Music
Alhaji Wasiu Agara[ Mr Bugger]. Fuji Music
Alhaji Mufutahu Alao[Mr Ragamurfhy] Fuji Music
K.K. Sunny[ Juju Music] e.t.c.

SOME NOTEABLE VILLAGES THAT BELONGS TO OGBOMOSO CITY.

Abogunde Village, Pakiotan Village, Aaje Ikose Village, Masifa Village, Osupa Orile Village, Otamokun Village, Manya Village, Idi Ede Village, Odanbon Village, Ireegba Village, Iluju Village, Tewure Village, Ahoro Oko Village, Ahoro Dada Village, Oloka Village, Alaropo Village, Esin-Ele Village, Arolu Village, Oolo Village, Fapote Village, Onlaru Village, Ateere Village, Olokiti Village, Monyin Village, Pontela Village, Elere Village, Eleesun Village, Ipeeba Village, Olokoto Village, Ajinapa Village, Igboori Village, Egbeda Village, Boosa Village, Yaaku Village, Adetunji Village , Alagbede Village , Opete Village , Idi Araba Village . Gambari Village , Dananu Village . E.t.c.